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Энциклопедия Растения Дальн...
Абрикос маньчжурский (Armeniaca mandshurica (Maxim.) Skvorts.)
Актинидия полигамная (Actinidia polygama (Siebold & Zucc.) Miq.)
Manchurian aralia, Japanese angelica-tree, devil's tree
Бадан тихоокеанский (Bergenia pacifica (L.) BSP. )
Amur cork tree, Amur velvet
Daurian birch, Asian black birch
Manchurian birch, Asian white birch
Боярышник Максимовича (Crataegus maximowiczii Schneid.)
Виноградовник аконитолистный (Ampelopsis aconitifolia Bge.)
Виноградовник короткоцветоножковый (Ampelopsis brevipedunculata (Maxim.) Trau...
Виноградовник разнолистный (Ampelopsis heterophylla (Thunb.) Siebold & Zucc. )
Виноградовник японский (Ampelopsis japonica (Thunb.) Makino)
Вишня войлочная (Cerasus tomentosa (Thunb.) Wall. )
Вишня сахалинская (Cerasus sachalinensis (Fr. Schmidt) Kom.)
Девичий виноград пятилисточковый (Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch. )
Девичий виноград триостренный (Parthenocissus tricuspidata (Siebold & Zucc.) ...
Древогубец круглолистный (Celastrus orbiculata Thunb.)
Древогубец плетеобразный (Celastrus flagellaris Rupr.)
Древогубец щетковидный (Celastrus strigillosus Nakai)
Wood gools
Кирказон маньчжурский (Aristolochia manshuriensis Kom.)
Decussate microbiota
Daurian juniper
Можжевельник сибирский (Juniperus sibirica Bugsd. )
Needle juniper
Manchurian walnut
White-bark fir, Khingan fir
Needle fir, black fir
Рододендрон Фори (Rhododendron fauriei Franch. )
Рододендрон золотистый (Rhododendron aureum Georgi. )
Рододендрон короткоплодный (Rhododendron brachicarpum D. Don. )
Рододендрон остроконечный (Rhododendron mucronulatum Turcz.)
Рододендрон сихотинский (Rhododendron sichotense Pojark.)
Рододендрон Шлиппенбаха (Rhododendron schlippenbachii Maxim.)
White dogwood, Tatarian dogwood
Amur tree lilac
Сосна низкая, кедровый стланик (Pinus pumila (Pall.) Regel )
Common Pine
Dense-flowered pine
Japanese yew
Aspen, European aspen
Korean poplar
Иван-чай узколистный
Eleutherococcus senticosus
Manchurian cherry (Padus maackii (Rupr.) Kom.)
Woodland jasmine (Philadelphus tenuifolius Rupr. et Maxim.)
Щитовник пахучий (Dryopteris fragrans (L.) Schott)
Ясенец мохнатоплодный (Dictamnus dasycarpus Turcz.)
Faxinus mandshurica
Common Pine

Pinus sylvestris L.

Common pine

Family - Pinacea

These pines are distinguished from other conifers by their long - «pine» needles located in bunches on slightly shortened shoots, which are much shorter than those of larch.

The number of needles in the bunch identifies two-, three- and five-needles pines. The needles of the Common pine have lengths of 3-7 cm, and widths of up to 2 mm. They are flat, strongly twisted, on shortened shoots with two needles in the bunch. Before the winter, needles become yellowish or greyish. They stay for 3-7 years.

The buds are strongly tared.The bark is greyish-brown in its youth, later turning yellowish–red. In old age, it becomes thick, dark brown and cracked.

Young trees' crowns are obtuse-conical or egg-shaped. The crowns of old trees in the dense forest are small and located high; in the open woods, the crowns are wide and positioned low on the trunk.

These are trees of 40 m and more in height, with diameters of 80-100 cm. It grows fast and lives about 350 years.

It is winter-proof, wind-resistant and thrives in bright locations.

In the Far East it forms forests in the Western Amurskaya Oblast and within the basins of the Gorin and Uda Rivers (Khabarovsky Krai). It is found in cultivated plantations in Primorsky Krai.

It is valuable species used for multiple applications and is a medicinal plant.

Distribution in the Russia's Far East. Amurskaya Oblast, Khabarovsky Krai.

General distribution. Eastern Europe, Siberia, Transbaikalia, Yakutia, Mongolia, Northeastern China.


Authors: Marina N. Chipizubova, Ludmila M. Pshennikova

Photo: Marina N. Chipizubova, Ludmila M. Pshennikova, N. Razzhigaeva

Collage by: Evgenia V. Bibchenko


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