Logo of the BGI FEB RAS
Main » Plant world
Энциклопедия Растения Дальн...
Абрикос маньчжурский (Armeniaca mandshurica (Maxim.) Skvorts.)
Актинидия полигамная (Actinidia polygama (Siebold & Zucc.) Miq.)
Manchurian aralia, Japanese angelica-tree, devil's tree
Бадан тихоокеанский (Bergenia pacifica (L.) BSP. )
Amur cork tree, Amur velvet
Daurian birch, Asian black birch
Manchurian birch, Asian white birch
Боярышник Максимовича (Crataegus maximowiczii Schneid.)
Виноградовник аконитолистный (Ampelopsis aconitifolia Bge.)
Виноградовник короткоцветоножковый (Ampelopsis brevipedunculata (Maxim.) Trau...
Виноградовник разнолистный (Ampelopsis heterophylla (Thunb.) Siebold & Zucc. )
Виноградовник японский (Ampelopsis japonica (Thunb.) Makino)
Вишня войлочная (Cerasus tomentosa (Thunb.) Wall. )
Вишня сахалинская (Cerasus sachalinensis (Fr. Schmidt) Kom.)
Девичий виноград пятилисточковый (Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch. )
Девичий виноград триостренный (Parthenocissus tricuspidata (Siebold & Zucc.) ...
Древогубец круглолистный (Celastrus orbiculata Thunb.)
Древогубец плетеобразный (Celastrus flagellaris Rupr.)
Древогубец щетковидный (Celastrus strigillosus Nakai)
Wood gools
Кирказон маньчжурский (Aristolochia manshuriensis Kom.)
Decussate microbiota
Daurian juniper
Можжевельник сибирский (Juniperus sibirica Bugsd. )
Needle juniper
Manchurian walnut
White-bark fir, Khingan fir
Needle fir, black fir
Рододендрон Фори (Rhododendron fauriei Franch. )
Рододендрон золотистый (Rhododendron aureum Georgi. )
Рододендрон короткоплодный (Rhododendron brachicarpum D. Don. )
Рододендрон остроконечный (Rhododendron mucronulatum Turcz.)
Рододендрон сихотинский (Rhododendron sichotense Pojark.)
Рододендрон Шлиппенбаха (Rhododendron schlippenbachii Maxim.)
White dogwood, Tatarian dogwood
Amur tree lilac
Сосна низкая, кедровый стланик (Pinus pumila (Pall.) Regel )
Common Pine
Dense-flowered pine
Japanese yew
Aspen, European aspen
Korean poplar
Иван-чай узколистный
Eleutherococcus senticosus
Manchurian cherry (Padus maackii (Rupr.) Kom.)
Woodland jasmine (Philadelphus tenuifolius Rupr. et Maxim.)
Щитовник пахучий (Dryopteris fragrans (L.) Schott)
Ясенец мохнатоплодный (Dictamnus dasycarpus Turcz.)
Faxinus mandshurica
Japanese yew

Taxus cuspidata Sieb. et Zucc. ex Endl.

Japanese yew, Japanese red pine

This is a distinctive, original coniferous plant. Although its range is quite extensive, this tree falls into the category of a most rare species and grows individually or in small groups. However, it is not in danger of extinction. Yew bears abundant fruits and normally propagates itself by seeds. In some places, the wild animals completely destroy young growth of yew by nibbling on the treetops and even lower branches of large trees. Remarkably, this group of conifers do not have typical cones, but carry the seeds in a fleshy bright red pouch called a «cone-berry».

Needles are 1.2 -1.6 cm in length and 2-3.5 mm in width, soft, flat and pointed, dark green and glossy from above with lighter and non-glossy appearance from below. Needles sit individually forming spirals on vertical shoots combs on side branches. Needles stay on branches for 4-6 years.

In the woods yew is easily recognized by the light, lacy and very dark crown.

The bark is red-brown, thin and exfoliates in long, thin plates or tapes with age. The thin branches are brick-red-brown.

The trunks are not well-proportioned, tapering and shaped irregularly in cross-section.

The trees reach 22 m in height with trunk diameters of 100-120 cm. In the southern parts of its range (Sakhalin Island, Iturup and middle Kuril Islands), the shrub-like or trailing forms of yew (Dwarf yew (Taxus nana)) are identified as independent species. Yew is one of the slowest-growing species. Evidently, it lives about 800-1000 years.

It grows in the coniferous-broad-leaved forests mainly on shady slopes. Independent yew plantations are formed only on the islands of Petrov and Naumov in Primorye.

The wood is red-brown, turns dark in the open air. It is very resistant to rotting - «non-rotting tree». The needles and wood are toxic to humans.

It is entered in the «USSR Red Book» and the «RSFSR Red Book».

Distribution in the Russia's Far East. Primorsky Krai, along the Amur River in Khabarovsky Krai, Sakhalin Island, Kuril Islands (from Kunashir to Rasshua).

General distribution. Japan, Korean Peninsula, Northeastern China.

Русское ботаническое обществоBotanic Garden Conservation InternationalThe Plant ListPlantariumEast Asia Botanic Garden NetworkСовет ботанических садов РоссииRussian electronic libraryБиблиотека ШипуноваРоссийская Академия наукРейтинг@Mail.ru