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Энциклопедия Растения Дальн...
Абрикос маньчжурский (Armeniaca mandshurica (Maxim.) Skvorts.)
Актинидия полигамная (Actinidia polygama (Siebold & Zucc.) Miq.)
Manchurian aralia, Japanese angelica-tree, devil's tree
Бадан тихоокеанский (Bergenia pacifica (L.) BSP. )
Amur cork tree, Amur velvet
Daurian birch, Asian black birch
Manchurian birch, Asian white birch
Боярышник Максимовича (Crataegus maximowiczii Schneid.)
Виноградовник аконитолистный (Ampelopsis aconitifolia Bge.)
Виноградовник короткоцветоножковый (Ampelopsis brevipedunculata (Maxim.) Trau...
Виноградовник разнолистный (Ampelopsis heterophylla (Thunb.) Siebold & Zucc. )
Виноградовник японский (Ampelopsis japonica (Thunb.) Makino)
Вишня войлочная (Cerasus tomentosa (Thunb.) Wall. )
Вишня сахалинская (Cerasus sachalinensis (Fr. Schmidt) Kom.)
Девичий виноград пятилисточковый (Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch. )
Девичий виноград триостренный (Parthenocissus tricuspidata (Siebold & Zucc.) ...
Древогубец круглолистный (Celastrus orbiculata Thunb.)
Древогубец плетеобразный (Celastrus flagellaris Rupr.)
Древогубец щетковидный (Celastrus strigillosus Nakai)
Wood gools
Кирказон маньчжурский (Aristolochia manshuriensis Kom.)
Decussate microbiota
Daurian juniper
Можжевельник сибирский (Juniperus sibirica Bugsd. )
Needle juniper
Manchurian walnut
White-bark fir, Khingan fir
Needle fir, black fir
Рододендрон Фори (Rhododendron fauriei Franch. )
Рододендрон золотистый (Rhododendron aureum Georgi. )
Рододендрон короткоплодный (Rhododendron brachicarpum D. Don. )
Рододендрон остроконечный (Rhododendron mucronulatum Turcz.)
Рододендрон сихотинский (Rhododendron sichotense Pojark.)
Рододендрон Шлиппенбаха (Rhododendron schlippenbachii Maxim.)
White dogwood, Tatarian dogwood
Amur tree lilac
Сосна низкая, кедровый стланик (Pinus pumila (Pall.) Regel )
Common Pine
Dense-flowered pine
Japanese yew
Aspen, European aspen
Korean poplar
Иван-чай узколистный
Eleutherococcus senticosus
Manchurian cherry (Padus maackii (Rupr.) Kom.)
Woodland jasmine (Philadelphus tenuifolius Rupr. et Maxim.)
Щитовник пахучий (Dryopteris fragrans (L.) Schott)
Ясенец мохнатоплодный (Dictamnus dasycarpus Turcz.)
Faxinus mandshurica
Decussate microbiota

Microbiota decussata Kom.

Decussate microbiota

Family - Cupressaceae


This is an ancient relic order. Microbiota involves a single species, an evergreen, coniferous shrub. It was first found for science in 1921 by I.K. Shishkin on the Phalaza mountain of the Pidan ridge (now – Krinichnaya mountain of the Livadiyskii ridge) in the southern Primorye.

Its star-shaped branches of up to 7 m in length creep, raise themselves over the ground, and take root at 1-2 m intervals.

Needles are dark green; for adult plants they are almost exclusively tile-like, soft, fine and closely pressed to the shoots. They live to 10-11 years in light while only 2-3 years in the shade. They grow brown in the winter.

The shoots are thin, reddish and branched out in one plane.

The branches rise to 1.2-1.7 m but, by the winter, lie down and hibernate under the snow.

When the diameter of the stem base is 16 cm, the age of the plant is about 230 years. This is possibly close to the limiting age.

Sub-alpine, as a rule, is found at elevations of about 1200 m above sea level. However, on the eastern slopes of the middle Sikhote-Alin, in the Olginsky and Chernigovsky Districts, Primorsky Krai, it is found at absolute elevations of 350-500 (600) m.

It is light requiring, frost resistant and a soil maker.

It is entered in the «USSR Red Book» and the «RSFSR Red Book».

Distribution. Endemic to the Sikhote-Alin Mountain system.

Authors: M.N. Chipizubova, L.M. Pshennikova

Photo: L. Pshennikova, Chipizubova M., N. Razzhigaeva

Collage: E.V. Bibchenko


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