Logo of the BGI FEB RAS
Main » Plant world
Энциклопедия Растения Дальн...
Абрикос маньчжурский (Armeniaca mandshurica (Maxim.) Skvorts.)
Актинидия полигамная (Actinidia polygama (Siebold & Zucc.) Miq.)
Manchurian aralia, Japanese angelica-tree, devil's tree
Бадан тихоокеанский (Bergenia pacifica (L.) BSP. )
Amur cork tree, Amur velvet
Daurian birch, Asian black birch
Manchurian birch, Asian white birch
Боярышник Максимовича (Crataegus maximowiczii Schneid.)
Виноградовник аконитолистный (Ampelopsis aconitifolia Bge.)
Виноградовник короткоцветоножковый (Ampelopsis brevipedunculata (Maxim.) Trau...
Виноградовник разнолистный (Ampelopsis heterophylla (Thunb.) Siebold & Zucc. )
Виноградовник японский (Ampelopsis japonica (Thunb.) Makino)
Вишня войлочная (Cerasus tomentosa (Thunb.) Wall. )
Вишня сахалинская (Cerasus sachalinensis (Fr. Schmidt) Kom.)
Девичий виноград пятилисточковый (Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch. )
Девичий виноград триостренный (Parthenocissus tricuspidata (Siebold & Zucc.) ...
Древогубец круглолистный (Celastrus orbiculata Thunb.)
Древогубец плетеобразный (Celastrus flagellaris Rupr.)
Древогубец щетковидный (Celastrus strigillosus Nakai)
Wood gools
Кирказон маньчжурский (Aristolochia manshuriensis Kom.)
Decussate microbiota
Daurian juniper
Можжевельник сибирский (Juniperus sibirica Bugsd. )
Needle juniper
Manchurian walnut
White-bark fir, Khingan fir
Needle fir, black fir
Рододендрон Фори (Rhododendron fauriei Franch. )
Рододендрон золотистый (Rhododendron aureum Georgi. )
Рододендрон короткоплодный (Rhododendron brachicarpum D. Don. )
Рододендрон остроконечный (Rhododendron mucronulatum Turcz.)
Рододендрон сихотинский (Rhododendron sichotense Pojark.)
Рододендрон Шлиппенбаха (Rhododendron schlippenbachii Maxim.)
White dogwood, Tatarian dogwood
Amur tree lilac
Сосна низкая, кедровый стланик (Pinus pumila (Pall.) Regel )
Common Pine
Dense-flowered pine
Japanese yew
Aspen, European aspen
Korean poplar
Иван-чай узколистный
Eleutherococcus senticosus
Manchurian cherry (Padus maackii (Rupr.) Kom.)
Woodland jasmine (Philadelphus tenuifolius Rupr. et Maxim.)
Щитовник пахучий (Dryopteris fragrans (L.) Schott)
Ясенец мохнатоплодный (Dictamnus dasycarpus Turcz.)
Faxinus mandshurica
White-bark fir, Khingan fir

Abies nephrolepis (Trautv.) Maxim.

White-bark fir, Khingan fir

Family - Pinaceae

White-bark fir trees are easily recognised in the thicket of dark coniferous and mixed forests by their light trunks and single, soft, flat and slightly split needles. The needles have glossy appearance from above, with two bright bluish-white stripes forming spiral crests from beneath.

The young bark is very light, almost silvery-grey and smooth, turning dark with small cracks and numerous resin warts with age.

The tree reaches up to 20, occasionally, 25-30 m tall, with a trunk diameter of 35-50 cm. It is relatively fast growing and lives about 150-180 years, occasionally, up to 200 years.

This is the most common fir specie in the Russian Far East and one of the major forest-forming species of the Far - Eastern dark coniferous forests. It grows at the elevations of 1500 m above sea level.

It is shade-resistant.

Its wood is not strong. It is medicinal plant: fir's oil extracted from boughs and needles, contains more than 100 biologically active compounds and has amazing healing properties. White-bark fir is a favourite Christmas tree, with specific soft and pleasant fragrance; needles stay on a tree even when it dries out.

Distribution in the Russia's Far East. Primorsky and Khabarovsky Krais, Amurskaya Oblast.

General distribution. Northeastern China, Northern Korean Peninsula.

Authors: M.N. Chipizubova, L.M Pshennikova

Photo: L. Pshennikova, Chipizubova M. , N. Razzhigaeva

Collage: E.V. Bibchenko


Русское ботаническое обществоBotanic Garden Conservation InternationalThe Plant ListPlantariumEast Asia Botanic Garden NetworkСовет ботанических садов РоссииRussian electronic libraryБиблиотека ШипуноваРоссийская Академия наукРейтинг@Mail.ru
Вверх