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Абрикос маньчжурский (Armeniaca mandshurica (Maxim.) Skvorts.)
Актинидия полигамная (Actinidia polygama (Siebold & Zucc.) Miq.)
Manchurian aralia, Japanese angelica-tree, devil's tree
Бадан тихоокеанский (Bergenia pacifica (L.) BSP. )
Amur cork tree, Amur velvet
Daurian birch, Asian black birch
Manchurian birch, Asian white birch
Боярышник Максимовича (Crataegus maximowiczii Schneid.)
Виноградовник аконитолистный (Ampelopsis aconitifolia Bge.)
Виноградовник короткоцветоножковый (Ampelopsis brevipedunculata (Maxim.) Trau...
Виноградовник разнолистный (Ampelopsis heterophylla (Thunb.) Siebold & Zucc. )
Виноградовник японский (Ampelopsis japonica (Thunb.) Makino)
Вишня войлочная (Cerasus tomentosa (Thunb.) Wall. )
Вишня сахалинская (Cerasus sachalinensis (Fr. Schmidt) Kom.)
Девичий виноград пятилисточковый (Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch. )
Девичий виноград триостренный (Parthenocissus tricuspidata (Siebold & Zucc.) ...
Древогубец круглолистный (Celastrus orbiculata Thunb.)
Древогубец плетеобразный (Celastrus flagellaris Rupr.)
Древогубец щетковидный (Celastrus strigillosus Nakai)
Wood gools
Кирказон маньчжурский (Aristolochia manshuriensis Kom.)
Decussate microbiota
Daurian juniper
Можжевельник сибирский (Juniperus sibirica Bugsd. )
Needle juniper
Manchurian walnut
White-bark fir, Khingan fir
Needle fir, black fir
Рододендрон Фори (Rhododendron fauriei Franch. )
Рододендрон золотистый (Rhododendron aureum Georgi. )
Рододендрон короткоплодный (Rhododendron brachicarpum D. Don. )
Рододендрон остроконечный (Rhododendron mucronulatum Turcz.)
Рододендрон сихотинский (Rhododendron sichotense Pojark.)
Рододендрон Шлиппенбаха (Rhododendron schlippenbachii Maxim.)
White dogwood, Tatarian dogwood
Amur tree lilac
Сосна низкая, кедровый стланик (Pinus pumila (Pall.) Regel )
Common Pine
Dense-flowered pine
Japanese yew
Aspen, European aspen
Korean poplar
Иван-чай узколистный
Eleutherococcus senticosus
Manchurian cherry (Padus maackii (Rupr.) Kom.)
Woodland jasmine (Philadelphus tenuifolius Rupr. et Maxim.)
Щитовник пахучий (Dryopteris fragrans (L.) Schott)
Ясенец мохнатоплодный (Dictamnus dasycarpus Turcz.)
Faxinus mandshurica
Needle fir, black fir

Abies holophylla Maxim.

Пихта цельнолистная, чёрная/Needle fir, black fir

Family - Pinaceae

Early settlers to Primorye from the western Russia were confusing this coniferous tree with spruce therefore calling it a «black spruce» due to its rigid, prickly needles and dark bark.

However, spruce and fir are easy to distinguish by the needles. The fir needle's base is narrow followed by the «heel» expansion leaving round marks when the needles are dropped. Needles form spirals or combs and stay on the branches 9-12 years. The fir needles are longer than those of spruce.

Fir cones are always pointed upwards making “standing” appearance on the branches.

The needles of needle fir are singular, flat, 2,5-4,5 cm in length and 2-3 mm in width, pointed, but with non-split ends (unlike White-bark fir). The needles on old trees are rounded, dark green, turning brown in winter, forming crests on branches.

The young bark is greyish-brown and slightly exfoliating while the old one is thick, dark-brown, and sometimes blackish with deep longitudinal cracks.

The crowns are conical and pointed, turning flat with age.

This is the largest coniferous tree in the Far East reaching over 55 m tall, with the trunk diameter over 2 m. This is one of the long-living firs at Far East, staying healthy at the age of 500 years or more.

It grows only at the southern Primorye, where it can be found at elevations of up to 500 m above sea level.

Only a hundred years ago, it prevailed on the Muravjev-Amursky Peninsula but retreated to the Sedanka River as the result of loggings and fires happened in connection with Vladivostok's fort construction.

Distribution in the Russia's Far East. Southern Primorsky Krai.

General distribution. Northeastern China, Korean Peninsula.

Authors: M.N. Chipizubova , L.M. Pshennikova

Photo: L. Pshennikova, Chipizubova M., N. Razzhigaeva

Collage: E.V. Bibchenko

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