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Актинидия коломикта (Actinidia kolomikta)
Актинидия острая (Actinidia argute)
Актинидия полигамная (Actinidia polygama)
Manchurian aralia, Japanese angelica-tree, devil's tree
Amur cork tree, Amur velvet
Бересклет малоцветковый (Euonymus pauciflora)
Daurian birch, Asian black birch
Берёза плосколистная (Betula platyphylla)
Виноград амурский (Vitis amurensis)
Вишня сахалинская (Cerasus sachalinensis)
Граб сердцелистный (Carpinus cordata)
Дуб монгольский (Quercus mongolica)
Жимолость раннецветущая (Lonicera praeflorens)
Ильм (вяз) лопастный (Ulmus laciniata)
Ильм (вяз) японский (Ulmus japonica)
Калопанакс семилопастный (Kalopanax septemlobus)
Клён бородатый (Acer barbinerve)
Клён зеленокорый (Acer tegmentosum)
Клён ложнозибольдов (Acer pseudosieboldianum)
Клён мелколистный (Acer mono)
Леспедеца двуцветная (Lespedeza bicolor)
Лещина маньчжурская (Corylus mandshurica)
Липа амурская (Tilia amurensis)
Маакия амурская (Maackia amurensis)
Manchurian walnut
Needle fir, black fir
Рябина ольхолистная (Sorbus alnifolia)
Рябинник рябинолистный (Sorbaria sorbifolia)
Eleutherococcus senticosus
Сосна корейская (Pinus koraiensis)
Таволга уссурийская (Spiraea ussuriensis)
Japanese yew
Aspen, European aspen
Amur tree lilac
Woodland jasmine (Philadelphus tenuifolius Rupr. et Maxim.)
Faxinus mandshurica
Ясень носолистный (Fraxinus rhynchophylla)
Amur cork tree, Amur velvet

Phellodendron amurense Rupr.

Amur cork tree, Amur velvet

Family - Rutaceae

Naturally, it is easily recognized by

its corky bark, very chinked but velvety to the touch.

The bark of young trees is ash-grey with a silvery tint and has shallow cracks, while that of old trees is dark-grey or blackish, with deep cracks in the cork layer and distinctive design.

The young Cork trees could be confused with the young Valley elms that also have cork outgrowths, but their buds are easy to distinguish. The Velvet has small buds, hiding in the bark of the thick sprouts.

Tree height reaches 3-5 m near range limits and 25-28 m with a trunk diameter of 90-120 cm in the south. It is grows quickly and lives about 200 years.

It is a typical representative of the mixed, cedar-broad-leaved and flooded forests.

In the south of its range, it rises in mountains to 500 m while in its central part - to 250-300 m and, in the extreme north and west, it is only found in the valley forests.

It thrives in hot and sunny places.

It is a medicinal plant and a source of valuable honey with known anti-tuberculosis properties.

It is banned to logging.

Distribution in the Russia's Far East. Primorsky and Khabarovsky Krais, Amurskaya Oblast.

General distribution. China, Korean Peninsula.

Authors: MN Chipizubova , LM Pshennikova

Photo: L. Pshennikova , Chipizubova M. , N. Razzhigaeva

Collage : EV Bibchenko

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